After successful logged in your wordpress, you’ll see the wordpress dashboard. WordPress Dashboard includes Write, Manage, Design and Comments panel.
Write panel where you can write new post, page and link (blogroll).
Manage panel where you can manage posts, pages, categories, Tags, Media, Importing posts from wordpress xml file or other blogging system.
Design panel where you can change or edit your themes uploaded in your server under wp-content/themes folder.
Comments panel where you can handle all the comments such as deleting, editing and marking comments as spam for your posts.
The rest are Setting, Plugins and Users. WordPress dashboard displays all the information like Recent comments, Incoming link, News feed from WordPress Development blog, popular plugins from WordPress plugin directory and other wordpress news.